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QTP Interview Questions and Answers

QTP Interview Questions and Answers
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Full form of QTP ?

Quick Test Professional

What’s the QTP ?

QTP is Mercury Interactive Functional Testing Tool.

Which scripting language used by QTP ?

QTP uses VB scripting.

What’s the basic concept of QTP ?

QTP is based on two concept-
* Recording
* Playback

How many types of recording facility are available in QTP ?

QTP provides three types of recording methods-
* Context Recording (Normal)
* Analog Recording
* Low Level Recording

How many types of Parameters are available in QTP ?

QTP provides three types of Parameter-
* Method Argument
* Data Driven
* Dynamic

What’s the QTP testing process ?

QTP testing process consist of seven steps-
* Preparing to recoding
* Recording
* Enhancing your script
* Debugging
* Run
* Analyze
* Report Defects

What’s the Active Screen ?

It provides the snapshots of your application as it appeared when you performed a certain steps during recording session.

What’s the Test Pane ?

Test Pane contains Tree View and Expert View tabs.

What’s Data Table ?

It assists to you about parameterizing the test.

What’s the Test Tree ?

It provides graphical representation of your operations which you have performed with your application.

Which all environment QTP supports ?

ERP/ CRM
Java/ J2EE
VB, .NET
Multimedia, XML
Web Objects, ActiveX controls
SAP, Oracle, Siebel, PeopleSoft
Web Services, Terminal Emulator
IE, NN, AOL

How can you view the Test Tree ?

The Test Tree is displayed through Tree View tab.

What’s the Expert View ?

Expert View display the Test Script.

Which keyword used for Nornam Recording ?

F3

Which keyword used for run the test script ?

F5

Which keyword used for stop the recording ?

F4

Which keyword used for Analog Recording ?

Ctrl+Shift+F4

Which keyword used for Low Level Recording ?

Ctrl+Shift+F3

Which keyword used for switch between Tree View and Expert View ?

Ctrl+Tab

What’s the Transaction ?

You can measure how long it takes to run a section of your test by defining transactions.

Where you can view the results of the checkpoint ?

You can view the results of the checkpoints in the Test Result Window.

What’s the Standard Checkpoint ?

Standard Checkpoints checks the property value of an object in your application or web page.

Which environment are supported by Standard Checkpoint ?

Standard Checkpoint are supported for all add-in environments.

What’s the Image Checkpoint ?

Image Checkpoint check the value of an image in your application or web page.

Which environments are supported by Image Checkpoint ?

Image Checkpoint are supported only Web environment.

What’s the Bitmap Checkpoint ?

Bitmap Checkpoint checks the bitmap images in your web page or application.

Which enviornment are supported by Bitmap Checkpoints ?

Bitmap checkpoints are supported all add-in environment.

What’s the Table Checkpoints ?

Table Checkpoint checks the information with in a table.

Which environments are supported by Table Checkpoint ?

Table Checkpoints are supported only ActiveX environment.

What’s the Text Checkpoint ?

Text Checkpoint checks that a test string is displayed in the appropriate place in your application or on web page.

Which environment are supported by Test Checkpoint ?

Text Checkpoint are supported all add-in environments

Note:

* QTP records each steps you perform and generates a test tree and test script.

* QTP records in normal recording mode.

* If you are creating a test on web object, you can record your test on one browser and run it on another browser.

* Analog Recording and Low Level Recording require more disk sapce than normal recording mode.

What are the Features & Benefits of Quick Test Pro (QTP 8.0)?

Operates stand-alone, or integrated into Mercury Business Process Testing and Mercury Quality Center. Introduces next-generation zero-configuration Keyword Driven testing technology in Quick Test Professional 8.0 allowing for fast test creation, easier maintenance, and more powerful data-driving capability. Identifies objects with Unique Smart Object Recognition, even if they change from build to build, enabling reliable unattended script execution. Collapses test documentation and test creation to a single step with Auto-documentation technology. Enables thorough validation of applications through a full complement of checkpoints.

How to handle the exceptions using recovery scenario manager in QTP?

There are 4 trigger events during which a recovery scenario should be activated. A pop up window appears in an opened application during the test run: A property of an object changes its state or value, A step in the test does not run successfully, An open application fails during the test run, These triggers are considered as exceptions.You can instruct QTP to recover unexpected events or errors that occurred in your testing environment during test run. Recovery scenario manager provides a wizard that guides you through the defining recovery scenario. Recovery scenario has three steps are:
1. Triggered Events
2. Recovery steps
3. Post Recovery Test-Run

What is the use of Text output value in QTP?

Output values enable to view the values that the application talks during run time. When parameterized, the values change for each iteration. Thus by creating output values, we can capture the values that the application takes for each run and output them to the data table.

How to use the Object spy in QTP 8.0 version?

There are two ways to Spy the objects in QTP: 1) Thru file toolbar, In the File Toolbar click on the last toolbar button (an icon showing a person with hat). 2) True Object repository Dialog, In Object repository dialog click on the button object spy. In the Object spy Dialog click on the button showing hand symbol. The pointer now changes in to a hand symbol and we have to point out the object to spy the state of the object if at all the object is not visible. or window is minimized then, hold the Ctrl button and activate the required window to and release the Ctrl button.

How Does Run time data (Parameterization) is handled in QTP?

You can then enter test data into the Data Table, an integrated spreadsheet with the full functionality of Excel, to manipulate data sets and create multiple test iterations, without programming, to expand test case coverage. Data can be typed in or imported from databases, spreadsheets, or text files.

What is keyword view and Expert view in QTP?

Quick Test’s Keyword Driven approach, test automation experts have full access to the underlying test and object properties, via an integrated scripting and debugging environment that is round-trip synchronized with the Keyword View. Advanced testers can view and edit their tests in the Expert View, which reveals the underlying industry-standard VBScript that Quick Test Professional automatically generates. Any changes made in the Expert View are automatically synchronized with the Keyword View.

Explain about the Test Fusion Report of QTP?

Once a tester has run a test, a Test Fusion report displays all aspects of the test run: a high-level results overview, an expandable Tree View of the test specifying exactly where application failures occurred, the test data used, application screen shots for every step that highlight any discrepancies, and detailed explanations of each checkpoint pass and failure. By combining Test Fusion reports with Quick Test Professional, you can share reports across an entire QA and development team.

Which environments does QTP support?

Quick Test Professional supports functional testing of all enterprise environments, including Windows, Web, .NET, Java/J2EE, SAP, Siebel, Oracle, PeopleSoft, Visual Basic, ActiveX, mainframe terminal emulators, and Web services.

What is QTP?

Quick Test Pr0ffessional is a graphical interface record-playback automation testing tool. It is able to work with any web, java or windows client application. Quick Test enables you to test standard web objects and ActiveX controls. In addition to these environments, Quick Test Professional also enables you to test Java applets and applications and multimedia objects on Applications as well as standard Windows applications, Visual Basic 6 applications and.NET framework applications

Explain QTP Testing process?

Quick Test testing process consists of 6 main phases:

Create your test plan – Prior to automating there should be a detailed description of the test including the exact steps to follow, data to be input, and all items to be verified by the test. The verification information should include both data validations and existence or state verifications of objects in the application.

Recording a session on your application – As you navigate through your application, Quick Test graphically displays each step you perform in the form of a collapsible icon-based test tree. A step is any user action that causes or makes a change in your site, such as clicking a link or image, or entering data in a form.

Enhancing your test – Inserting checkpoints into your test lets you search for a specific value of a page, object or text string, which helps you identify whether or not your application is functioning correctly. NOTE: Checkpoints can be added to a test as you record it or after the fact via the Active Screen. It is much easier and faster to add the checkpoints during the recording process. Broadening the scope of your test by replacing fixed values with parameters lets you check how your application performs the same operations with multiple sets of data. Adding logic and conditional statements to your test enables you to add sophisticated checks to your test.

Debugging your test – If changes were made to the script, you need to debug it to check that it operates smoothly and without interruption.

Running your test on a new version of your application – You run a test to check the behavior of your application. While running, Quick Test connects to your application and performs each step in your test.

Analyzing the test results – You examine the test results to pinpoint defects in your application.

Reporting defects – As you encounter failures in the application when analyzing test results, you will create defect reports in Defect Reporting Tool.

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  1. hari
    July 4, 2009 at 9:31 pm

    Thanks a Lot
    it help me a lot

  2. pramod
    November 19, 2009 at 9:50 pm

    Which keyword used for Analog Recording ?
    Ctrl+Shift+F4 (Wrong answer)
    Answer:Shift+Alt+F3

  3. September 9, 2017 at 8:27 pm

    I am in fact thankful to the owner of this web site who has shared this fantastic post at at this place.

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